Project Plan
Machine-to-Machine Communication System (Future Internet Services: IPv6-based ubiquitous sensor networks)

    Current Internet has ossification, inflexibility, security, quality of service, quality of management as well as a lot of other issues. For tackling the problems of the current rigid layered network architecture, several initiatives have been taken towards new architecture of the network from US, Asia, and Europe which is called Future Network Architectures, Next Generation Network Architecture and Future Internet. Presently, there are lots of implicit dependencies or tight coupling between existing mechanisms. Thus, the problem is not limited into a specific protocol or mechanisms but it is an architectural issue. Currently, several researcher are proposing to re-think about the networks of the future from the scratch which is also being referred as clean-slate approach. The rest of them have been going towards evolutionary approaches where they are providing a new architecture so that today’s Internet can exist in that architecture as well until fully being evolved into a Future Network. In clean-slate approach, the system is redesigned from scratch to offer improved abstractions and/or performance, while providing similar functionality based on new core principles.
    This project focuses on real time software and embedded system design and development , to translate functional prototypes using the latest development tools and most relevant design methodology to implement concept-proving prototypes in a timely manner. This project approach is further extended to cover end-to-end user applications. For that, I would like to contribute towards Internet connectivity over small embedded devices for global communication between Machine to Machine, User to User, User to Machine.

    Mainly, it includes three major topics of architectural design, embedded systems and real time software design at the systems level
    • Services of Future Internet
    • Machine to Machine Communications
    • Internet of Things

    To support sensor oriented future internet issues which includes Routing, Mobility, MAC Super Frame, IPv6, ROLL, 6lowpan, Energy Consumptions, Security, uHealthcare System etc.

    My Responsibility: To conduct cutting-edge scientific research in computer networking and related areas such as future internet architecture, wireless communication, Cloud computing, IoT, M-to-M communication, distributed systems etc.
    • To publish regularly in leading publications
    • To attend and present papers at relevant international conferences and workshops
    • To create value by developing transferable technology
    • To prepare and submit patent applications
    • Take lead or provide support in preparing proposals for funded research projects
    • To provide scientific leadership in defining and developing lines of research
    • To establish links and collaborations with partner institutions and with industry
    • To help supervise research assistants in their Ph.D. program
    • To lead a team of approximately five researchers
    • To identify and take a lead in preparing proposals for funded research projects
Research & Development Projects
1. Future Internet Architecture Research funded by Korea Communication Communication (KCC), Seoul, Korea, 2011

For overcoming of current internet limitations, we need to redesign “clean slate” basis future Internet Architecture. For that we defined recursively by topological, administrational, or operational grouping of communicating entities.

Currently, I am designing a hierarchical architectural model to support different internet-based services mainly focus on maintenance/query optimization mechanism during ID and Locator separation system.
  • Understand the fundamental principles in future internet architecture and current issues.
  • Implement algorithms for parameter estimation in linear and non-linear models.
  • Implement algorithms for ID detection and estimation of the position of a target in a hierarchical network.
  • Apply the Bloom filter to linear state space models over a ID-mapping Server.
  • Understand the interplay of the above in a few concrete real applications.
2. DEFINE: Developing Future Internet Network Model funded by National Agenda Program, KRCF, Korea, 2010

I have worked in the project of "DEFINE: Developing Future Internet Network Model" with Future Internet Team in the Division of Fusion Convergence of Mathematical Sciences, at National Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Daejeon, South Korea. This project was funded by NAP (National Agenda Program) of Korea Research Council of Fundamental (KRCF) Science & Technology, Seoul, South Korea. Cost- 8.5 Billions US-Dollars/year (Nov. 2009 ~ Oct. 2011)

Role as a Post Doctoral Researcher: The contribution of my work is to support appropriate services in physical environment that has preserved global access to society. For that, I am focusing on SOFI (Sensor Oriented Future Internet) schemes to support Internet connectivity over machine devices for various Applications. Firstly, Machine-to Machine Communication Scheme: I have described work plan, already. (March 2010 ~ Aug. 2011)
  • Identifying suitable techniques for the collection and analysis of data.
  • Assisting in the development & preparation of continuing funding opportunities.
  • Travelling to international conferences and research visits in other institutions.
  • Contributing to team decisions about research directions.
  • Ensuring the validity and reliability of data at all times.
3. uHealtcare: Ubiquitous Healthcare System funded by Brain Korea 2021 (BK21)- 2nd Stage, Korea, 2007

I have worked in the project of BK-21, (Brain Korea 2021, 2nd stage) “Ubiquitous Healthcare System” in laboratory of USN at Dongseo University, Busan. The Project was supported by MHRE (Ministry of Human Resource and Education), Seoul. Cost: 1.8 Billion USD. (March 2004 ~ Feb. 2010)

Role as a PhD Research Scholar: I have worked on Wireless Sensor Networks with respect of Ubiquitous Healthcare system. Then, I have decided to work on IPv6 Based Wireless Sensor Networks (6lowpan) for healthcare applications. In this project, I have worked several issues of protocols as Routing, Mobility, MAC; Security for IP-WSN based uHealthcare System with the help of NS-2 simulator and TinyOS based test-bed. (March 2007 ~ Feb. 2010)
  • To publish regularly in leading publications
  • To attend and present papers at relevant international conferences and workshops
  • Data coding, data entry, transcribing, data analysis & assistance with writing up.
  • Responsible for some administrative tasks, such as webpage maintenance.
  • Producing regular reports for senior management and specialists in different areas.
4. Spline-approximation of smooth surfaces funded by Techo Innovation Center, DSU, Busan, Korea,2008

I have worked in the project of “Spline-approximation of smooth surfaces” with Prof. Hakimjon (Uzbeakistan) at Dongseo University, Busan. The project funded by RIC/TIC Project (UCGA-TIC; Techo Innovation Center) @ Dongseo Univ., Korea. (March 2007 ~ February 2010)

Role as a Ph.D. Research Scholar: I have worked on algorithms implementation for specialized processors of piecewise-polynomial bases with the help of Java and Mat-lab programming. I have covered in various areas such as Piecewise-polynomial bases on the basis of orthogonal of Haar and Harmut functions; Two-dimensional piecewise-polynomial bases; Piecewise-polynomial bases on the basis of splines; Two-dimensional Piecewise-polynomial bases on the basis of splines; Walsh-wavelet and Inverse Piecewise Methods for Signal Processing. (March 2009 ~ February 2010)
  • To publish regularly in leading publications
  • To attend and present papers at relevant international conferences and workshops
  • To create value by developing transferable IPR
  • To prepare and submit patent applications
  • To supervise research assistants in their Ph.D. program
5. Assessment of Land use, Land Cover Pattern, Crop, Vegetation Classification, Water Area funded by Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), New Delhi, India , 2003

I have worked in the project of “Assessment of Land use, Land Cover Pattern, Crop, Vegetation Classification, Water Area”, in the department of Computer Science and Engineering, at MN-National Institute of Technology, Allahabad. The project supported by MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource and Development), New Delhi. Cost: Rs. 6.0 lacs (Indian Rupees). (July 2002 ~ June 2004)

Role as a Research Assistant: I have worked on GIS (Geographical Information System) with the help of Earth–Resource (E-R Mapper) simulator. In this project, I have analyzed the MNNIT campus area with the help of simulator to installment of water pipeline for further water resources. (August 2003 ~ July 2004)
  • Data coding, data entry, transcribing, data analysis & assistance with writing up.
  • Responsible for some administrative tasks, such as webpage maintenance.
  • Producing regular reports for senior management and specialists in different areas.
Ph.D. Thesis Title: IP-Based Wireless Sensor Network for Global Healthcare Monitoring Applications

Summary: The enhancement of existing wireless patient health-monitoring systems as a result of continuous advances in information technology must not be neglected. The IP-WSN (IP-based Wireless Sensor Networks) has newly become a scorching subject for researchers with the advancement in WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks). This is evolving with global connectivity between IP-sensor devices and IP-network services. The IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) working group has been designing a new 6lowpan (IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks) stack, it refers to an IPv6 integrated to a Lowpan device, which is called an IP-WSN node. The IEEE 802.15.4 standard defined RFD (reduced-function devices) and FFD (full-function devices) types of nodes. We have considered RFD as BMS (Biomedical Sensors) node and FFD as (IP-WSN) node. Whereas BMS nodes are utilized for sensing and transmit MAC layer beacons to IP-WSN in BAN (body area networks), the BMS node only interacts with IP-WSN node, even though IP-WSN node is able to connect other IP-WSN nodes due to its full functional capability that has IPv6 compression, neighbor discover, mesh routing, and BMS packet binding techniques. This thesis has been worked in simulation and related test results of IP-WSN networks. In the simulation part, we have bound the patient’s biomedical data on MAC (Medium Access Control) layer into the 6lowpan stack and assumed a wearable IP-WSN device had been embedded on the patient’s BAN. The IP-WSN node has limited power capability and little memory, and it is unable to carry large energy resources. Thus, the IP-WSN node acquires BMS packet from the patient’s BAN and consecutively transmits into the gateway operated by the forwarder over IPv6 networks. By using serial forwarder and web interface, we can establish the global connectivity of IP-WSN devices up to existing IP-enabled equipments in to the doctor such as PDA, Notebook and Cell Phone etc. We have presented two techniques for global healthcare monitoring application: SHA (Smart Hospital Area) and SH (Smart Home). This thesis has presented approaches to solve the problem of global communication. We have designed an IP-WSN stack based on NS-2 simulation. The NS-2 stack has IPv6 and UDP compression with biomedical data binding techniques over the channel based MAC approach. The MM6LRP (Micro Mobility 6lowpan routing protocol) and EE6LRP (Energy Efficient 6lowpan Routing Protocol), which conduct communication between neighboring nodes in the same environment by diffusing each other in inter-PAN networks. For that we have modified AODV routing protocol. Finally, we have presented the results of novel protocols, which present better performance results of IP-WSN networks and IP-WBMS (IP-based Wireless Biomedical Sensor) by NS-2 simulation results; and we have presented the real-time IP-WSN test-bed environment and its performance results with various equipment.

M. Tech. Thesis Title: Connectivity of Ad-hoc Sensor Network with Fixed Networks

Summary: Ad-hoc sensor networking allows portable devices to establish communication independent of a central infrastructure. However, the fact that there is no central infrastructure and that the devices can move randomly gives rise to various kind of problems, such as routing and security. In this thesis the problem of routing is considered. There are several ad hoc routing protocols, such as AODV, DSR, DSDV, OLSR and ZRP that propose solutions for routing within an Ad-hoc Sensor Network with fixed network. However, since there is an interest in communication between not only wireless devices in an ad hoc network, but also between a wireless device in an ad hoc network and a fixed device in a fixed network (e.g. the Internet), the ad hoc routing protocols need to be modified. In this thesis the ad hoc routing protocol AODV is used and modified to examine the interconnection between a wireless ad hoc sensor network and the fixed network. For this purpose Network Simulator-2, has been used. Moreover, three proposed approaches for gateway discovery are implemented and investigated.